Tag Archives: nginx

Nginx vs Cherokee

I did a micro benchmark for quick comparison between nginx and cherokee on Linode 540 VPS. Result may differ on a dedicate server. static file(100MB)

Cherokee
Benchmarking localhost (be patient)
Completed 100 requests
Completed 200 requests
Finished 200 requests

Server Software:        Cherokee/0.99.0
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /100mb.test
Document Length:        104857600 bytes

Concurrency Level:      20
Time taken for tests:   30.696 seconds
Complete requests:      200
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      20971557200 bytes
HTML transferred:       20971520000 bytes
Requests per second:    6.52 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       3069.623 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       153.481 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          667184.09 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0    1   0.2      1       1
Processing:  3004 3069  73.9   3048    3228
Waiting:        0    1   0.2      1       2
Total:       3004 3069  73.9   3048    3228

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%   3048
  66%   3068
  75%   3071
  80%   3191
  90%   3228
  95%   3228
  98%   3228
  99%   3228
 100%   3228 (longest request)
Nginx
Benchmarking localhost (be patient)
Completed 100 requests
Completed 200 requests
Finished 200 requests

Server Software:        nginx/0.6.35
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /100mb.test
Document Length:        104857600 bytes

Concurrency Level:      20
Time taken for tests:   30.543 seconds
Complete requests:      200
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      20971571000 bytes
HTML transferred:       20971520000 bytes
Requests per second:    6.55 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       3054.277 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       152.714 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          670536.80 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0    1   0.2      0       1
Processing:  3006 3054  32.6   3047    3106
Waiting:        0    1   0.4      1       3
Total:       3006 3054  32.6   3048    3107
ERROR: The median and mean for the initial connection time are more than twice the standard
       deviation apart. These results are NOT reliable.

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%   3048
  66%   3069
  75%   3087
  80%   3098
  90%   3107
  95%   3107
  98%   3107
  99%   3107
 100%   3107 (longest request)

Small html file (468 bytes)

Nginx
Server Software:        nginx/0.6.35
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /
Document Length:        468 bytes

Concurrency Level:      200
Time taken for tests:   0.123 seconds
Complete requests:      1000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      737100 bytes
HTML transferred:       491400 bytes
Requests per second:    8150.03 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       24.540 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.123 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          5866.59 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        3    8   1.7      9      11
Processing:     6   14   3.3     14      24
Waiting:        3   11   3.3     12      23
Total:         14   22   2.6     22      33

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     22
  66%     23
  75%     23
  80%     24
  90%     25
  95%     26
  98%     29
  99%     30
 100%     33 (longest request)
Cherokee
Server Software:        Cherokee/0.99.0
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /
Document Length:        468 bytes

Concurrency Level:      200
Time taken for tests:   0.139 seconds
Complete requests:      1000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      732224 bytes
HTML transferred:       509184 bytes
Requests per second:    7203.83 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       27.763 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.139 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          5151.19 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        6   11   2.5     12      16
Processing:     7   14   3.9     14      27
Waiting:        3   10   3.9      9      19
Total:         16   25   3.5     25      33

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     25
  66%     27
  75%     27
  80%     28
  90%     29
  95%     31
  98%     32
  99%     32
 100%     33 (longest request)
Varnish
Server Software:        ----------
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /
Document Length:        468 bytes

Concurrency Level:      200
Time taken for tests:   0.141 seconds
Complete requests:      1000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      879491 bytes
HTML transferred:       528372 bytes
Requests per second:    7067.44 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       28.299 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.141 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          6070.07 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        6   11   2.5     11      16
Processing:     6   14   3.5     13      24
Waiting:        3   10   3.5      9      21
Total:         17   25   3.4     25      38

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     25
  66%     26
  75%     26
  80%     27
  90%     29
  95%     31
  98%     33
  99%     34
 100%     38 (longest request)

Small image file (23k bytes)

Nginx
Server Software:        nginx/0.6.35
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /cherokee-logo.png
Document Length:        23619 bytes

Concurrency Level:      200
Time taken for tests:   0.139 seconds
Complete requests:      1000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      24624128 bytes
HTML transferred:       24379632 bytes
Requests per second:    7171.34 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       27.889 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.139 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          172449.16 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0    5   3.6      4      16
Processing:     0   20   6.1     23      29
Waiting:        0   15   5.7     17      26
Total:          6   25   5.5     26      45

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     26
  66%     27
  75%     27
  80%     27
  90%     28
  95%     35
  98%     41
  99%     43
 100%     45 (longest request)
Cherokee
Server Software:        Cherokee/0.99.0
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /cherokee-logo.png
Document Length:        23619 bytes

Concurrency Level:      200
Time taken for tests:   0.180 seconds
Complete requests:      1000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      26518338 bytes
HTML transferred:       26287947 bytes
Requests per second:    5564.92 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       35.939 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.180 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          144113.78 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        4   11   3.4     11      18
Processing:    11   21   5.0     21      36
Waiting:        3    8   3.7      7      24
Total:         21   32   4.7     33      43

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     33
  66%     34
  75%     35
  80%     36
  90%     38
  95%     40
  98%     41
  99%     43
 100%     43 (longest request)
Varnish
Server Software:        --------------
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /cherokee-logo.png
Document Length:        23619 bytes

Concurrency Level:      200
Time taken for tests:   0.154 seconds
Complete requests:      1000
Failed requests:        0
Write errors:           0
Total transferred:      23933000 bytes
HTML transferred:       23619000 bytes
Requests per second:    6498.44 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       30.777 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.154 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          151882.08 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        4   11   3.0     11      17
Processing:    10   18   4.5     17      33
Waiting:        2    6   2.1      5      12
Total:         15   29   4.6     29      48

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%     29
  66%     29
  75%     30
  80%     31
  90%     33
  95%     36
  98%     41
  99%     46
 100%     48 (longest request)

Nginx is the fastest to serve small static file on my VPS. No significant difference in serving larging file.

Speedup Mysql and Webserver with Intel Compiler and tcmalloc

After reading some recent benchmark reguarding tcmalloc  performance on mysql. I decide to rebuild my whole webhosting stack with it.

ICC is intel’s c++ compiler, which has faster performance is also memtioned on mysql website.

Most distros should already has google performance tools prepackaged. Installation of ICC is slightly more complicated, you can download it directly from intel’s website which is free download for non-commercial use. Archlinux and Gentoo both have packaged installer. On ubuntu/debian system you probably also need build-essential and apt-build to rebuilt packages. On archlinux you will need base-devel and abs.

For most packages, the following bash script can be used before configuration/make step.  Don’t ommit the dot on first line and change the path of iccvars.sh to your installation directory.

 . /opt/intel/Compiler/11.0/081/bin/iccvars.sh intel64
CC=icc
CFLAGS="-xHOST -O3 -no-prec-div "
LD=xild
AR=xiar
CXX=icpc
CXXFLAGS="-xHOST -O3 -no-prec-div "
LDFLAGS=-ltcmalloc_minimal
export CC CFLAGS LD AR CXX CXXFLAGS LDFLAGS

These setting seems safe for all packages. Here is a summary of package specific cflags setting.

 MysqlCherokeeNginxVarnishPHPMemcached
-staticNoNoNoNoN/ANo
-ipoNoNoYesNoN/AYes
LDFLAGS=-ltcmalloc_minimalYesYesYesYesYesYes
configure option–disable-shared –with-mysqld-libs=-ltcmalloc_minimalNoneNone–disable-jemallocFailed with ICCNone

This might disappoint you. But the rebuilt software stacks show no improvement whatsoever in my benchmark.