Tag Archives: wordpress

I wrote a WP plugin

I wrote my first WordPress plugin which will help rewriting js, css and theme file’s url to your own CDN network. So you don’t have to hack wordpress files.

You can download it here.

How to use SimpleCDN with WordPress

Update 2/24/2009: This method is deprecated. I wrote a plugin to rewite urls.
Update again: SimpleCDN is slower comparing to CloudFront, I moved all my link to CF. If you have problem copying files to S3, you can read this post.

WordPress is my favorite bloging software, with many builtin features and powerful plugins. WordPress.com, the blogging platform by automattic, has been using CDN for a long time. However there is no public available solution to make self hosted WordPress to use a CDN as well. Fortunately the php code itself is very clean to read, so it took me about 5 minutes to find where I should modify to fully integrate my new CDN address.

Before you proceed, please read my previous posts on how to use CNAME with SimpleCDN and how to process javascript and css files for WordPress. Make sure your SimpleCDN’s CNAME and bucket working properly. I used a mirror bucket which points to my blog address, that is probably the simplest way to mirror your static assets. And use ‘-s1′ pre-url to insure client side cache working, because SimpleCDN does not use 304 not modified http header at all. I used bucket name ‘s.mudy.info’ for my own blog.

Once your DNS full propagated, open your favorite text editor open following 3 files.

wp-includes/class.wp-scripts.php‘: near line 75, change

$src = $this->base_url . $src;

to

$src = 'http://yourcdnbucketname' . $src;

There is no trailing slash after your bucketname. If you want to make sure client browser always use cached version, you can also comments out the following line.

// $src = add_query_arg('ver', $ver, $src);

But this change may break WordPress upgrade.

wp-include/class.wp-styles.php‘: near line 79, do the same change as above.

wp-include/theme.php‘: near line 504, change

return apply_filters('theme_root_uri', content_url('themes'), get_option('siteurl'));

to

return 'http://yourcdnbucketname/wp-content/themes';

That’s it. Now clean your cache and test your blog.

Optimize WordPress javascript placement

YSlow rule 6: Put JS at the bottom. This is a very simple rule, but it has noticeable improvement on actual page loading time. Because javascript in head will block both page elements loading and rendering. The placement of javascript in WordPress 2.7.1 is hard coded to be placed in html head, because most ajax plugin would expect javascript library to be fully loaded before page load. If you use WordPress without any fancy ajax related plugins, it is very possible to load javascript at bottom of every page without breaking any blog function. I also tested it with Lightbox 2 without any noticeable problems. The measurable page loading time difference is near half a second when browser cache is empty. Before you proceed to make any change to WordPress php files, I would recommend you to do a full backup of database and related php files. Now open ‘wp-includes/default-filters.php‘, search wp_print_scripts. Near line 184, you should find,

add_action('wp_head', 'wp_print_scripts');

Change this to

add_action('wp_footer', 'wp_print_scripts');

Clear your WordPress page cache and test your WordPress. Ideally one could write a plugin hooking into filter ‘print_scripts_array’ to remove plugins from html head conditionally. But I have not found one yet. There are a lot other methods to safely speedup javascript loading in html header. Unfortunately they are not very easily implemented and cross different browsers. Steve, author of Yslow had a post and talk explaining the whole situation.

One line script to minify js css directory using yuicompressor

The default installation of WordPress use full version of css and javascript library. In order to minify all of these files, I wrote this bash script to minify all of them. There will be no progress bar while minifying, so be patient.

cd wordpress
find -H . -type f -writable  \( -name \*.css -o -name \*.js \)  \
-exec sh -c "yuicompressor {} -o /tmp/yui.tmp && mv /tmp/yui.tmp {}" \;

This will only work under POSIX system.
Findutils should be included in most popular Linux distros.
Yuicompressor can be downloaded from here.